Special Coverage

Self-Healing Wire Insulation
Thermomechanical Methodology for Stabilizing Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) Response
Space Optical Communications Using Laser Beams
High Field Superconducting Magnets
Active Response Gravity Offload and Method
Strat-X
Sonar Inspection Robot System
Home

Residual Mode Filters

NASA has developed a unique control algorithm and synthesis method that uses a system’s output to modify control inputs to cause the system to track a reference model or a fixed value in the presence of unmodeled system dynamics, varying operating environments, and unpredictable disturbances. The unique feature of this algorithm is the ability to instantaneously adapt the system according to its output, rejecting persistent disturbances, and ultimately improving the system’s performance. This makes the controller ideally suited for applications where there are unknown modeling parameters or uncertain operating environments. Many aerospace systems must function in unknown or highly variable environments. This technology allows the system to achieve its objectives in these types of unpredictable environments. In comparison to current adaptive controller technologies, the addition of residual mode filters allows operation when flexible modes are present that could inhibit the controller. This is especially useful for systems where initial modeling is costly, or the fidelity of existing system models is low.

Posted in: Briefs, Machinery & Automation

Read More >>

Development of a Metallic Bilayer Liftoff Mask

A large variety of cryogenic detectors need to be fabricated on thin dielectric membranes in order to have high signal-to-noise attributes. Unfortunately, many of the etching processes used to define the detectors can roughen or even completely dissolve the membranes. These types of membrane damage degrade the detector performance and limit fabrication yield.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers

Read More >>

Self-Healing Wire Insulation

Microcapsules release healant that repairs minor cuts, nicks, and abrasions. NASA’s Kennedy Space Center is seeking commercial partners for licensing or further development of a novel high-performance, flexible, low-melt polyimide film with self-healing properties. The self-healing properties of the film are provided by embedded microcapsules containing a solvent-soluble polyimide. When cut or otherwise damaged, these capsules release their contents, which dissolve and heal the damaged area.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers

Read More >>

Compact Vibration Damper

Do you have a need to reduce vibration in high performance structures? Then, you’ll want to attend this NASA Tech Briefs Webinar!NASA Langley Research Center has developed a compact tuned damper that reduces vibration occurring at a fixed frequency. Structural vibrations frequently need to be damped to prevent damage to a structure. Tuned dampers reduce vibration of the base structure by the dissipation of energy. The magnitude of the dissipated energy is proportional to the square of the displacement or velocity of the tuned mass, which in turn is proportional to the range of motion.

Posted in: On-Demand Webinars

Read More >>

Real-Time Radiation Monitoring Using Nanotechnology

NASA has patented a unique chemical sensor array leveraging nano-structures for monitoring the concentration of chemical species or gas molecules that is not damaged when exposed to protons and other high-energy particles over time. The nanotechnology-enabled chemical sensor array uses single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), metal catalyst-doped SWCNTs, and polymer-coated SWCNTs as the sensing media between a pair of interdigitated electrodes (IDE). By measuring the conductivity change of the SWCNT device, the concentration of the chemical species or gas molecules can be measured. These sensors have high sensitivity, low power requirements, and are robust and have a low manufacturing cost compared to other commercial chemical sensors for detection of trace amount of chemicals in gasses and liquids.

Posted in: Briefs, Sensors

Read More >>

Flexible Thin Metal Film Thermal Sensing System

NASA’s Langley Research Center has extensively studied self-metallized polyimide films for aerospace applications. These thin films have shown promise not only as reflective coatings, but also conductive coatings. NASA believes that its technology may offer advantages to sensor companies, especially thermocouples as the conductive films show a volume resistivity approaching the pure metal. Specifically, NASA offers a process for producing metallized polymer films with thick conductive metal coatings.

Posted in: Briefs, Sensors

Read More >>

Integrated Temperature and Capacitive Ablation Recession Rate Sensors

Innovators at NASA’s Glenn Research Center have developed new sensors that can be integrated into thermal protection systems (TPS) to protect them from environmental damage. Radiation, shock, and ablation (erosion of the protective outer surface) combine to damage the TPS material, so it becomes crucial to determine the temperature and rate at which the TPS material deteriorates. Glenn has developed an improved method to bulk-manufacture silicon carbide (SiC) devices that enables sensors to be manufactured economically. Additionally, this technique permits the simultaneous production of SiC sensors of different types (e.g., pressure sensors, flow sensors, and accelerometers) from the same SiC wafer. Glenn’s development holds great potential for any industry that requires sensors and monitoring of temperature, corrosion, or environmental damage.

Posted in: Briefs, Sensors

Read More >>

The U.S. Government does not endorse any commercial product, process, or activity identified on this web site.